common name of cowpea
Vigna unguiculata. In Gujarati, these are called Chola / Chowla (ચોળા). Many lesions rapidly merge to girdle stems, branches, peduncles and petiole. Use only local Cowpea selection having higher yield potential which is more economical. Along with the scientific name of Cowpea, know the scientific … unguiculata, there is an appreciable production of ssp. was an important source o f hay for cows in the. Pluck the pods on maturity once they turn brown, dry the pods immediately and thresh the produce. The major insect pests are Aphid, Aphis craccivora,Gram pod borer Helicoverpa armigera, Spotted pod borer Maruca testulalis, Leaf hopper Empoasca kerri, Pod bugs Riptortus pedestris and Whitefly Bemisia tabaci. Reference taxon from ITIS Regional in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life . Sometimes stem girdle which may break longitudinally. The selection has a potential seed yield of 1290 kg/ha and a haulm yield upto 3t/ha. Cowpea has a number of common names, including crowder pea, blackeyed pea, southern pea, and internationally as lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. Lesions similar to those found on the stem also occur on pods. Botanically, it is called Vigna unguiculata and is grown in the semi-arid tropics which cover Asia, Far East, Africa, Central and South America. The names are: UCC-Benga (UCC-Cowpea), Saka-Buro (killer of Striga) and Kum-Zoya (hunger has run away). Stage 5: Scaling. Each phase of cowpea attracts a number of insect pests and diseases. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Ensure an optimal plant population for better yield potential. Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Mosaic, leaf distortion, blistering, dwarfing and death of plants, Chlorosis, leaf distortion, blistering. Its English common names include velvet bean, Bengal velvet bean, Florida velvet bean, Mauritius velvet bean, Yokohama velvet bean, cowage, cowitch, lacuna bean, and Lyon bean. Plants may be stunted and fail to produce normal pods. The selection takes 68-70 days for flowering with total crop duration of 100-105 days. Phylum: Spermatophyta. Preferred Common Name; cowpea Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: Compendia CAB International Wallingford Oxfordshire OX10 8DE UK firstname.lastname@example.org. Alsondo-1: It is a determinate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder-pea. Common names: Cowpea, Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea. This is because Local Cowpea (Alsondo) is a delicacy in the region owing to its unique taste and bold sized seeds. Aphids are attracted to yellow color. â?Grow different crops or grow crops in rotation every cropping season. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea, southern pea, niebe (alternatively ñebbe), and crowder pea. Cowpea has a number of common names, including … The selection produces pods in clusters with 6 to 10 pods/plant having a length of 18 to 22cm. (Photo by Christopher Sheahan, USDA - NRCS, Cape May Plant Materials Center) Alternate Names Alternate Common Names: blackeyed pea, field pea, southern pea, crowder pea, caupi, catjang, yardlong bean Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources . All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. southeastern United States and in other parts of. â?Spraying of mancozeb (0.2%) or carbendazim (0.2%) at fortnight interval. Rare species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Oahu cowpea. They may be found singularly or in combination with others. ICAR RC- Old Goa, Directorate of Agriculture- Tonca Panaji-Goa, Goa Bhagayatdar Society,Ponda-Goa. SEE LESS. Some viruses cause thickened, malformed and distorted leaves. Cowpea is generally more heat-tolerant than common bean. The common name of black-eyed pea, used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. The common name of black-eyed pea, used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. Kingdom: Plantae. Elongated lesions appear on the leaf veins and tannish red spots with yellow halo on the leaf surface. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids..... Click the link for more information. The first written reference using cowpea appeared in 1798 in the United States. The test weight of the selection is around 20-21g/100 seeds. … In this in vivo induced mutagenesis research, colchicine in hydrogen peroxide was administered as mutagen on seeds three species of crops i.e. All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivargroups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. Take care to uproot the weeds fully and allow them to dry out. The selection takes about 47 days to flower and matures in 90 days. Visit regularly and observe for the insect at borders in early stages. ICAR Research Complex for Goa with its research efforts in collection, cataloguing, evaluation and selection for specific traits over a period of last one decade, has identified three selections of local cowpea with specific advantages. Use pathogen free seeds from healthy plants. It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for leafy greens, green pods, fresh shelled green peas, and shelled dried peas), a cover crop and for fodder. â?Apply NSKE 5% (neem seed kernel extract) to control the aphids. The common name of black-eyed pea, used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. Application of 25 kg N, 50 kg P2O5 and 25 kg K2O gives better response with increased yield. â?Spot drenching with Carbendazim 1g/lit or P. fluorescens / T. viride 2.5 kg/ha with 50 kg FYM. Endemic to Hawaii, where it is known from seven small populations on the islands of Hawaii, … Each plant produces 14-20 smooth greenish white pods in clusters measuring 23- 25cm. It grows to height of about feet with profuse dense foliage (upto 40 trifoliate leaves/plant) with vine growth upto one metre having 4-5 primary branches under ideal conditions. Family : Leguminaceae. 4 Citations; 1.1k Downloads; Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 59) Keywords Somatic Embryogenesis Common Bean Particle Bombardment Cotyledonary Node Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult These keywords were added by machine and not by … Cowpea is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Fabaceae and sub-family, Fabiodeae. Callosobruchus maculatus. southern pea. Preferred Names. Vigna unguiculata ssp. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Dry the seeds to reduce the moisture level below 10â?2 % and add finely grounded Tirphal / boric acid powder @ 2 g / kg of seeds to reduce the infestation by stored grain pests. It is also a minor pest on a range of other leguminous crops and also some non-leguminous crops, such as cotton and citrus. Domain: Eukaryota. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. subsp. By some, however, … Now it is a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily as a pulse, but also as a vegetable (both for the greens and the green peas), a cover crop, and for fodder. Apply Rock phosphate @ 250 kg / ha during sowing preferably in the planting lines to ensure better fertilizer use efficiency. Seed treatment with carbendazim or thirum @2g/kg of seeds. There are three major subspecies of V. unguiculata; in addition to ssp. Authors; Authors and affiliations; F. J. L. Aragão; F. A. P. Campos; Chapter. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. Cowpea vendors Thies Senegal 2008.jpg 400 × 268; 29 KB Cowpeas production.jpg 2,592 × 1,952; 1.75 MB Crops in acid soil demo 2017 05 09 6717.jpg 1,796 × 1,706; 742 KB Spray mancozeb (0.2%) or carbendazim (0.2%) at fortnight interval. In severe cases, defoliation occurs. Roots also exhibit rotting and seedlings get dried. 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Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. It grows to a height of 55 cm with 3-4 primary branches under normal conditions. â?Both adults and nymphs feed mostly on growing tips, young foliage and pods of mature plants by sucking the sap. The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. â?Crop rotation with non-legumes for 4-5 seasons. Vigna owahuensis. Preferred Common Name. The black sooty mould reduces photosynthesis of plants. Destroy diseased debris. Cowpea Weevil Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius 1775) collect. Name Language; angular mosaic of beans: English: mild mottle of cowpea: English: pale chlorosis of tomato: English: vírus do marmoreado suave do feijão-frade: Portuguese (PT) Propose photo . Spots later turn light brown with dark brown margins. Botanical Name : Vigna sinensis Savi. This page was last edited on 15 December 2019, at 13:20. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. The lesion is limited to collar regions only in case of R. solani infection. It grows profuse with dense foliage (upto 44 trifoliate leaves/plant) with 2-3 primary branches under ideal conditions. Treat this seed with 375-500 g of Rhizobium before sowing specially in newly cultivated areas so as to ensure the benefit of biological nitrogen fixation. cylindrica (common names: catjang cowpea and Bombay cowpea) and ssp. The American varieties of the cowpea, however, are correctly classified as V. unguiculata (V. Sinensis), while the name V. Cat jang properly applies to another species easily distinguished by its much smaller and more torose pods, and by its smaller seeds. This practice provides food, shelter and it increases the number of natural enemies that prey on aphids. Generate a … Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora is a cosmopolitan species with a worldwide distribution; abundant in subtropical and tropical regions, and in the Mediterranean. unguiculata, Kuhbohne, Schwarzaugenbohne (de); Feijão-frade, Feijão mineiro, Feijão-mancanha, Feijão-chícharo, Feijão-de-corda, Feijão-miúdo da China, Feijão-careta, Macunde, Feijão careta, Feijão boca preta, Feijão-macúndi, Feijão-de-frade, Feijão corda, Feijão maçácar, Feijão carita, Feijão de macáçar (pt); لوبیای چشم بلبلی, لوبیا چشم بلبلی (fa); Vigna unguiculata (bg); Vigna unguiculata, црни окасти грашак (sr); Karnıkara, Vigna unguiculata, Börülceler (tr); Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, V. unguiculata, Cow-pea, Cow pea, Kibal, V unguiculata (tl); Black-eyed pea, Vigna unguiculata (sv); Vigna unguiculata, Fasolnik chiński (pl); Zwartogenboon (nl); 광저기, 강두 (ko); cowpea, Vigna unguiculata unguiculata cultivar group (en); Caupí, Vigna sesquipedalis, Dolichos unguiculatus, Dolichos unguiculata, Vigna ugniculata, Vigna sinensis, Caupi, Vigna catjang, Dolichos sinensis, Chícharo salvaje, Chicharo salvaje, Carilla, Dolichos melanophtalmos, Poroto tape, Frijol de fraile, Dolichos biflorus (es); 豇豆, ささげ, 大角豆, 黒目豆 (ja); Долихос двуцветковый (ru), edit wikidata 'Category:Vigna unguiculata' linked to current category, edit wikidata 'Vigna unguiculata' main topic of 'Category:Vigna unguiculata', Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID: 2982583, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=41647, New Zealand Organisms Register ID: b6b34a3e-e6a7-4f89-b286-2865e2c8fbc8, Plants of the World online ID: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:1127257-2, Vigna unguiculata - botanical illustrations, Diseases and disorders of Vigna unguiculata, A hand book of Virginia (1911) (14799321033).jpg, A.H. Hoffman Seeds, Inc. materials (Page 25) BHL47107453.jpg, Caterpillar of Euchrysops cnejus (Fabricius, 1798) – Gram Blue on Vigna unguiculata.jpg, Centridini Bee on a Cow Pea, West Lake Park, Hollywood Fl..jpg, Crops in acid soil demo 2017 05 09 6717.jpg, Crops in acid soil demo 2017 05 09 6748i.jpg, CSIRO ScienceImage 2927 Cowpea flower.jpg, CSIRO ScienceImage 3598 Cowpea flower.jpg, CSIRO ScienceImage 3688 Cowpeas in a glasshouse.jpg, Kebon kacang panjang, vigna unguiculata.jpg, Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.ART.660 - Vigna unguiculata - Kawahara Keiga - 1823 - 1829 - Siebold Collection - pencil drawing - water colour.jpeg, Rhizobia nodules on Vigna unguiculata.jpg, Sheep feeding and farm management (Page 79) BHL21743770.jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit1 (10737067553).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit10 (10736935255).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit11 (10737049954).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit12 (10736838006).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit3 (10736903006).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit4 (10736929626).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit5 (10736867106).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit6 (10736953534).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit7 (10736971714).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit8 (10737204263).jpg, Vigna unguiculata habit9 (10737007014).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf1 (10737426723).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf2 (10737225404).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf3 (10737235986).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf4 (10737246346).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf5 (10737475693).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf6 (10737276394).jpg, Vigna unguiculata leaf7 (10737502513).jpg, Vigna unguiculata nodules1 (10737516253).jpg, Vigna unguiculata nodules2 (10737320084).jpg, Vigna unguiculata nodules3 (10737242485).jpg, Vigna unguiculata on Mount Ribaue (9546661399).jpg, Vigna unguiculata stipule1 (10737397306).jpg, Vigna unguiculata stipule2 (10737204354).jpg, Vigna unguiculata-- Cowpea (25332056950).jpg, 豇豆(米豆) Vigna unguiculata -台北植物園 Taipei Botanical Garden- (34926870133).jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Vigna_unguiculata&oldid=382629799, Biology categories with double wikidata item, Uses of Wikidata Infobox providing interwiki links, Biology pages with wikidata item specified in VN, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. It is a member of the leaf beetle family, Chrysomelidae, and not a true weevil.This common pest of stored legumes has a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. â?Avoid using heavy doses of highly soluble nitrogen fertilizers. The selection has a potential seed yield of 1630 kg/ha and a haulm yield of 3.31 t/ha. It is one of the commonest aphid species found in the Goa region and causes considerable yield loss to farmers. The harvest index of the selection is quite high (0.54). At various times the cowpea has been known under several botanical names, the most common names being V. Sinensis and V. Catjang. These viruses produce a mosaic pattern (intermixing of green and yellow patches) on leaves. The selection has a potential seed yield upto 2000 kg/ha and a haulm yield of 4.30 t/ha. This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total. â?Spray a steady stream of water on the host plant to knock-off aphids. They cause irregular light and dark green mosaic patterns on the leaves. unguiculata. Other aphids like Aphis gossypi and Myzus persicae also attack cowpea crop during rainy season. Copyright @ 2013Â ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Ela, Old Goa 403402 - Goa, V. Viral diseases- Cowpea mosaic diseases. The scientific name of Cowpea is the botanical name or formal name. for this plant’s current status (Alternate Scientific Names: Dhulape Utorda-3 (Goa Cowpea-3): It is also an indeterminate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. Small, pinhead size, reddish brown, circular, water soaked scattered spots on both the surface of leaves. One of the main reasons for the low productivity of cowpea is lack of a suitable high yielding variety of the crop. â?Seed treatment with carbendazim or thirum @2g/kg of seeds. â?Conserve bio agents like flower bugs (Anthocorids), lady bird beetles (Coccinellids), praying mantids, hover flies (Syrphids), green lace wing (Chrysopids), long horned grass hoppers and spiders. â?The infested plants become stunted, leading to leaf distortion, premature defoliation and death of seedlings. Among these, aphid is a major economic pest of cowpea. stenophylla. Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius 1775) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Once on the ground, the fallen aphids are prey to ground predators and they have difficulty returning to the plant. â?Spray Metasystox @ 1 litre/hectare dissolved in 1000 litres of water to check the whitefly. Use of insecticide carbaryl @2.5 g/kg is more effective in inhibiting the pulse beetle attack without affecting the germination of the seeds. The first written reference using cowpea appeared in 1798 in the United States. Rough, circular, cherry red to dark red spots on the upper leaf surface. Under ideal conditions the selection produces 12-13 long pods having a length of 24-25cm with 15-16 seeds per pod. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. This category contains only the following page. Vigna unguiculata ssp. probably originated from the fact that the plant. Preferred name: Cowpea mild mottle virus ; Other scientific names. The seedlings remain stunted and some of them develop rot in the hypocotyls region and extend downwards. The centre becomes silvery grey when spores are produced.
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