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ptolemy ii philadelphos

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ptolemy ii philadelphos

He became joint ruler with his father two years before his death in 283 BC. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, King of Egypt 281-246 BC. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaios Philadelphos "Ptolemy, friend of his siblings"; 308/9 – 28 January 246 BC) was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BC. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_II_Philadelphus#Family. You may change your settings at any time. While there was a clear aim to centralise control of the legal system, Ptolemy also respected local traditions and much of the reform may in fact have been a codification of the existing situation. He is also mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka as a recipient of the Buddhist proselytism of Ashoka, although no Western historical record of this event remain. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice. This tax may have replaced an earlier yoke-tax, which was only imposed on men but at a higher rate, and it is interesting to note that among those exempt to the new tax were teachers of writing and gymnastics and all of the winners in the Alexandrian games. Following the customs of Egyptian pharaohs, Ptolemy II (reigned 285–246 BCE) and Arsinoe II (reigned 276–270 BCE) married and ruled as both siblings and spouses. This festival was in part to rival the Olympic Games and in part to reinforce the power and popularity of the Royal Family. Most importantly, he commissioned an Egyptian priest, Manetho, to consult the records in the temples of Egypt and compile a history of Egypt. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_Keraunos. Ptolemy was first married to Arsinoë I, daughter of Lysimachus, who was the mother of his legitimate children; after her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II, the widow of Lysimachus. The king apparently sent lavish gifts to Jerusalem and granted freedom to numerous Jewish slaves and in return six members of each of the twelve tribes of Israel travelled to Alexandria to translate the Torah. Ptolemy also suffered losses in the Second Syrian War against Antiochus II Theos (260-253 BC) but successfully negotiated a peace under which his daughter Berenice was married to the Seleucid ruler. See also the Ptolemy III coin page for coins which are believed to be actually Ptolemy II. During his reign, the Ptolemaic empire reached its greatest extent and Egypt was both wealthy and powerful. The Letter of Aristeas (also known as the Letter of Philocrates) tells that Demetrios of Phaleron, a librarian in the Great Library, urged Ptolemy II to obtain a Greek translation of Hebrew laws. Ptolemy himself was eager to increase the library and to patronize scientific research. At this time he also formally relinquished his claim to the Egyptian throne. In a Second Syrian War with the Seleucid kingdom, under Antiochus II Theos (after 260 BCE), Ptolemy sustained losses on the seaboard of Asia Minor and agreed to a peace by which Antiochus married his daughter Berenice (c. 250 BCE). Pomp and splendor flourished. Ptolemy II Philadelphus. During that time, Alexandria was the richest jewel in their empire. After her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II, the widow of Lysimachus—an Egyptian custom—which brought him her Aegean possessions. Geni requires JavaScript! Inscription: ΑΔΕΛΦΩΝ. Octodrachm Octodrachm After the death of Arsinoë II, she was declared a … (69 × 60 × 6 cm).Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 72.127. The material and literary splendour of the Alexandrian court was at its height under Ptolemy II. Egypt was involved in several wars during his reign. Ptolemy II began his reign as co-regent with his father Ptolemy I from c. 285 BC to c. 283 BC, and maintained a splendid court in Alexandria. He also reformed bronze coinage, introducing new denominations and widening their circulation. Ptolemy transferred the responsibility for the collection of the one-sixth tax (hekte) from the temples to tax farmers giving the crown more effective control of both the levying and collection of taxation. The inscription indicates he is offering the incense to his father, the sun-god Re. Egypt's victories solidified the kingdom's position as the undisputed naval power of the eastern Mediterranean; his fleet (112 ships) bore the most powerful naval siege units of the time, guaranteed the king access to the coastal cities of his empire. Father of Berenice ., Phernophorus, Princess of Egypt; Ptolemy III Euergetes, Pharaoh of Egypt; Lysimachus, Prince of Egypt and Ptolemy Andromachou Although Ptolemy Keraunos was at the zenith of his power, he did not live long afterwards. The Great Library of Alexandria was founded by Ptolemy I but completed and extended by Ptolemy II. He arrived at the court of Lysimachus, the king of Thrace, Macedon, and part of Asia Minor, where his half-sister Arsinoe was queen. Object Details. Arsinoe II seems to have adopted her husband’s children by his former wife (Arsinoe I) and there is no evidence that she had any children by Ptolemy. Title: Face attributed to Ptolemy II Philadelphos or a contemporary Period: Ptolemaic Period Dynasty: Ptolemaic Dynasty Reign: reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphos Date: 285–246 B.C. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos "Ptolemy Beloved of his Sibling"; 308/9–246 BCE) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. As did the Ptolemies III through V, Ptolemy II erected a commemmorative stele, the Great Mendes Stela. _UID: DAA01FAC6BAE2242891D85B1E4DF48B25BA7, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I82287. These moves were partly aimed at increasing state control over Egyptian society, but were also made necessary by the need to finance wars in Syria. The king's near hand is raised in adoration as he approaches a small table supporting a floral offering. The Ptolemaic sphere of power extended over the Cyclades to Samothrace, and the harbours and coast towns of Cilicia Trachea, Pamphylia, Lycia and Caria. Jugate busts of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, diademed and draped, and Arsinoe II, diademed and veiled, shield behind Rev : ΘΕΩΝ Jugate busts of Ptolemy I Soter, diademed and wearing aegis, and Berenike I, diademed and veiled Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος , Ptolemaios Philadelphos Ptolemy, friend of his siblings; 308/9 – 28 January 246 BCE) was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. Ptolemy had mixed military fortunes. In a Second Syrian War with the Seleucid kingdom, under Antiochus II Theos (after 260 BC), Ptolemy sustained losses on the seaboard of Asia Minor and agreed to a peace by which Antiochus married his daughter Berenice (c. 250 BC). It also confirms that he then took action to restore damage to the temple. Pliny the Elder, "The Natural History", Chap. Struck under Ptolemy II Philadelphos c. 270-261/0 BC. He was the son of Ptolemy I Soter, the Macedonian Greek general of Alexander the Great who founded the Ptolemaic Kingdom after the death of Alexander, and queen Berenice I, originally from Macedon in northern Greece. 283 BCE, and maintained a splendid court in Alexandria. Pomp and splendor flourished. Your choices will not impact your visit. When that alliance soured, Arsinoe II fled to Egypt to the protection of Ptolemy II. The outer face of this block shows the king behind an unnamed goddess, most probably Maat, holding an ankh (life sign). Fearful that Macedonian power in the Aegean would prevent the expansion of his own power in the area, Ptolemy encouraged the other Greek states to enter into a coalition against Macedon which ultimately resulted in the Chremonidean War (267 BC – 261 BC). Ptolemy II was the youngest son of Ptolemy I Soter. Guardian Figure. https://www.livius.org/articles/person/ptolemy-ii-philadelphus After Lysimachus' defeat and death in the Battle of Corupedium in 281 BC, against Seleucus I Nicator, Ptolemy Keraunos murdered Seleucus I in order to gain the power of his former protector. Userphety (greath of strength, whose strength is great), Sekhaensu itef (Who his father has raised to the throne), Userkhaenre Meryamun (Who is made strong through the ka of Re, beloved of Amun). However, the reign of Ptolemy II is notable for the number of royal declarations which were produced purely in hieroglyphs. A cookie which helps me track how many visitors come to my site and what pages they look at. Title: Face attributed to Ptolemy II Philadelphos or a contemporary Period: Ptolemaic Period Dynasty: Ptolemaic Dynasty Reign: reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphos Date: 285–246 B.C. During the Ptolemaic Period there were a number of edicts published in which the text was repeated in Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic, and Greek. Two or three years of war followed. He also staged a lavish procession in Alexandria in honour of Dionysius involving twenty-four chariots and a large number of exotic animals and apparently he assembled an impressive zoo in Alexandria. Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. Coins were struck with date Year 1, beginning in 283 B.C. Two or three years of war followed. Ptolemy II 0.3 was made available on August 2, 1999 Ptolemy II Philadelphus, (Philadelphus in Greek: Brother-Loving) king of Egypt (285-246 bce), second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty, who extended his power by skillful diplomacy, developed agriculture and commerce, and made Alexandria a leading centre of the arts and sciences. This bronze bust is usually attributed to the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy II Philadelphus (r. 283-246 BCE) although alternative identifications of the bust have been made. This situation lasted about two years, until Antigonos Gonatas defeated the Gauls in the battle near Lysimachia, Thrace, in 277 BC, After this victory he was recognized king of Macedon and his power extended eventually also to southern Greece. However, Walter Kaiser says, "There can be little doubt that the Law was translated in Philadelphus's time since Greek quotations from Genesis and Exodus appear in Greek literature before 200 BC The language of the Septuagint is more like Egyptian Greek than it is like Jerusalemite Greek, according to some. He enlarged the shrine of Renenutet at Medinet Madi, built a gate between the temple of Imhotep and the temple of Isis on Philae, made additions to the temples of Elephantine and Thebes, left his mark on the temple of Sobek at Medinet el-Fayyum, and built a new main temple at Koptos. ", "But [India] has been treated of by several other Greek writers who resided at the courts of Indian kings, such, for instance, as Megasthenes, and by Dionysius, who was sent thither by Philadelphus, expressly for the purpose: all of whom have enlarged upon the power and vast resources of these nations." The scholars worked in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-247 B.C. He had many mistresses, including Agathoclea (? ), Aglais (?) While Ptolemy was staying in Lysimachus's court, Arsinoe's intrigues led to the accusation of Lysimachus' first son, Agathocles, of treason and to his execution. Ptolemy III Euergetes I . Numismatic Museum Athens, Greece. Browse the Ptolemy II page with thumbnail images. AΡΣINOHΣ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOΥ, double cornucopiae bound with fillet. ), Aglais (?) Decadrachm Figure 7: Ptolemy II Philadelphos, In the name of Arsinoë II. In 280 BC he inaugurated the Ptolemaieia, a festival held every four years to honour both his father and their dynasty. Among them are numerous examples of Ptolemy making offerings to the ancient Egyptian gods and adoring his deified sister Arsinoe II, but there is also the famous Stele of Mendes. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος Ptolemaîos Philádelphos 309–246 BC) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 BC to 246 BC. It was discovered in the Villa of the Papyri, Herculaneum in 1754 CE and is currently part of the collection of Bronzes in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples. Reverse: Jugate busts of Ptolemy I wearing diadem and aegis and Berenice I, diademed and veiled. With a woman named Bilistiche he had an (illegitimate) son named Ptolemy Andromachou [2], Other mistresses include: Agathoclea (? Ptolemy himself was eager to increase the library and to patronize scientific research. Egypt was involved in several wars during his reign. AR Dekadrachm (35-36 mm, 28.41 g), Alexandria. Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt. Object Details. On his father's death, he became sole ruler. A keen administrator, Ptolemy II enriched himself by commercial ventures and heavier taxes, albeit much of his revenue went to support his soldiers, courtiers, poets, priests and foreign allies. Comprehensive theories which undermined the image of mighty Arsinoe appeared as late as the 1980s.14 If Arsinoe’s influence on Ptolemy II’s foreign policy during her lifetime is difficult to assess, there is a lot of information indicating that Philadelphos skilfully used her figure after her death to political and religious ends. Half brother of Magas, king of Cyrene; Antigone of Macedonia; Theoxena; Leontiscus; Lagus and 6 others; Eirene; Ptolemais; Meleager, King of Macedon; Argaeus I; Lysandra I and Ptolemy, Keraunos King of Macedonia « less, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_II_Philadelphus. Like the reign of Ramesses II centuries earlier, the reign of Ptolemy II (Philadelphos or Philadelphus) was the high point of the three hundred-year long Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy also undertook a reform of the tax system to increase his revenues. Ancient Greek coins from the Ptolemaic Kingdom, modern-day Egypt. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaios Philadelphos "Ptolemy, friend of his siblings"; 308/9 – 28 January 246 BC) was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BC. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Ptolemaic Kingdom: Tetradrachm, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285-246 BC, Silver at the best online prices at … With a woman named Bilistiche he had an (illegitimate) son named Ptolemy Andromachou. The victory won by Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedonia, over the Egyptian fleet at Cos (between 258 BC and 256 BC) did not long interrupt Ptolemy's command of the Aegean Sea. Ptolemy XVI Philadelphos Antonius was of Greek and Roman heritage. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice, and was educated by Philitas of Cos. Elias Joseph Bickermann (Chronology of the Ancient World, 2nd ed. Callimachus, keeper of the library, Theocritus,[5] and a host of lesser poets, glorified the Ptolemaic family. Pliny the Elder also reported that Ptolemy established trade links with India, probably with the emperor Ashoka, as he is mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka. He was the son of Ptolemy I Soter, the Macedonian Greek general of Alexander the Great who founded the Arsinoë II, wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphos (died 270 BC). Relief of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II and the Goddess Hathor. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (308-246): second ruler of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 282 to 246 BCE. During Ptolemy's reign, the material and literary splendour of the Alexandrian court was at its height. Successive dates followed. He became joint ruler with his father two years before his death in 283 BC. He then rushed to Lysimacheia where he had himself acclaimed king by the Macedonian army. Partner of Bilistiche Husband of Arsinoe I, Queen of Greece, Queen of Egypt; N.N., daughter of Lysimachus and Arsinoe, II Shortly after, the Seleucid king, Antiochus I Soter, attacked Egypt in the First Syrian War (274-271 BC) but was soundly beaten by Ptolemy II who extended Egypt’s control to include most of Cilicia. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. He also completed the Great Lighthouse of Alexandria (also known as Pharos) and ordered the construction of a number of cities along the red sea coast (along with numerous temples and canals) which helped to strengthen trade links with the Mediterranean and boost the Egyptian economy. He had two half-brothers, Ptolemy Keraunos and Meleager, both of whom became kings of Macedonia (in 281 BCE and 279 BCE respectively). ); W. 10.8 cm (4 1/4 in. Ptolemy II married Arsinoe I (the daughter of Lysimachus, the king of Thrace) as part of an alliance against Seleucus I Nicator (another general of Alexander the Great). Pliny the Elder, "The Natural History", Chap. To stabilize his throne, Ptolemy asked his half-sister Arsinoe, the widow of Lysimachus, to marry him. In the name of Arsione II. He had exotic animals of far off lands sent to Alexandria. Alexandria, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt, Arsinoe I, Queen of Greece, Queen of Egypt, Berenice ., Phernophorus, Princess of Egypt, Birth of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Pharaoh of Egypt, Birth of Berenice ., Phernophorus, Princess of Egypt, Birth of Ptolemy III Euergetes, Pharaoh of Egypt. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. In about 285 BC, Ptolemy I Soter probably took as his co-ruler one of his sons by Berenice, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who became the sole ruler of Egypt and the rest of his father's empire upon the elder king's death in about 282 BC. [1] After Keraunos' younger half-brother, also called Ptolemy, was named heir apparent and, in 282 BC, ascended to the throne as Ptolemy II, he had to leave Egypt, being a potential rival for the throne. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos Philádelphos" 309 BCE–246 BCE), was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 BCE to 246 BCE. To celebrate his accession he staged an elaborate pageant, which included music, images of Egyptian and Greek gods, and a long train of wild beasts and birds unknown to Egypt, including elephants harnessed to chariots. Ptolemy II Philadelphos came to the throne of Egypt as co-ruler in 285 B.C. ΓA monogram over ZA monogram in left field, ΛA over ΦA monogram in right field.

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